Caribbean countries share similar economic and sustainable development challenges, including small populations, remoteness, open and undiversified economies, susceptibility to natural hazards, and vulnerability to climate change. The SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway emanating from the Third International SIDS Conference in 2014 noted that “in spite of the considerable efforts of small island developing states and the mobilisation of their limited resources, their progress in the attainment of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals, and in implementing the Barbados Programme of Action and the Mauritius Strategy has been uneven, and some have regressed economically. A number of significant challenges remain.” Climate change is recognised as one of these challenges which compounds inherent vulnerabilities.
The Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership (J-CCCP) is designed to strengthen the capacity of countries in the Caribbean to invest in climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies, as prioritised in their Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). These technologies will help reduce the dependence on fossil fuel imports, setting the region on a low-emission development path; as well as improve the region’s ability to respond to climate risks and opportunities in the long-run, through resilient development approaches that go beyond disaster response to extreme events. The partnership will help the integration of climate risks and opportunities into economic planning and budgeting across key sectors, e.g. water, energy, agroforestry, urban development, transport (upstream level), which result in concrete adaptation and mitigation technology investments, e.g. solar PV for irrigation and electricity generation, Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) based early warning systems, solar water heaters, energy efficient lighting (downstream level). It will provide a regional platform for the promotion of low-emission and climate-resilient technologies for the Caribbean, considering the multi-sector coordination challenges amongst climate change and other stakeholders in the region. It will also bring regional scale to attract and catalyse additional/incremental technology investments, by removing the barriers preventing investment into these applications: financial (upfront cost of adaptation/mitigation technologies), information (limited awareness of their long-term benefits) and capacity (policy/technical, institutional and individual constraints to embrace these technologies).
The Government of Japan has provided financial and technical support for this project, with UNDP acting in the capacity of implementing partner.
The Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership encourages policy innovation via the following outcomes:
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) to promote alternative low-emission and climate-resilient technologies
Adoption and implementation of mitigation and adaptation technologies
Strengthened knowledge networks through shared South-South and North-South experiences