Saint Kitts and Nevis
Overview Saint Kitts and Nevis (also known as the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis) is 101 square miles with a population of 53,104 persons. Basseterre is the capital located on the larger island of St. Kitts, and Charlestown is the capital of the smaller island of Nevis, which is located 2 miles away, across a shallow channel called The Narrows. Booby Island, a bird nesting site lies between the two islands.
The country gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1983 but still recognises Queen Elizabeth II as its Head of State. The Queen is represented in the country by the Governor-General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
Main Initiatives UNDP’s work in St. Kitts and Nevis is primarily related to climate change adaptation and citizen security. To advance climate change adaptation, UNDP works with the Ministry of Agriculture through the Department of Environment, the Department of Marine Resources, the Department of Economic Affairs, the Department of Physical Planning and Environment, the St. Christopher National Trust and the Nevis Historical and Conservation Society to implement the Conserving Biodiversity project. This project contributes to the expansion of the existing Protected Area (PA) system through the establishment of two new terrestrial PAs and three new marine Pas and also implements measures to reduce habitat degradation, which is adversely impacting the ecological integrity of PA buffer sites.
With a similar focus on climate change adaptation, the Global Environmental Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP) which has been operational in St. Kitts and Nevis since 2013, is also working to protect the environment through various activities that support global environmental benefits. The key areas are coastal preservation, sustainable use of natural resources, renewable energy, environmental sustainability and sustainable livelihoods. This focus contributes to biodiversity, climate change mitigation and land degradation.
Citizen security is of utmost importance to the government of St. Kitts and Nevis and as such the country is one of the beneficiaries of the CariSECURE project. This is a regional initiative implemented by UNDP – one of three components of a broader USAID Youth Empowerment Services (YES) project, which aims to strengthen the integrity and accessibility of citizen security data in eight Eastern and Southern Caribbean countries. In St. Kitts and Nevis, CariSECURE has a full-time National Officer that supports the implementation of country-level activities in collaboration with the national taskforce, the Ministry of National Security, the St. Christopher and Nevis Royal Police and Prison Services, the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Department of Statistics and the Department of Youth.
For more information on St. Kitts and Nevis, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for this country.
Did you know?
St. Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country in the Americas in both land area and population!
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