Supporting Sustainable Ecosystems of Dominica’s Protected Area System
To demonstrate a model for effective integrated landscape management encompassing the strengthening of an existing protected area (Morne Trois Pitons National Park) and establishment of its buffer zone in order to reduce threats to biodiversity and ecological functioning
Dominica has a national Protected Area (PA) System consisting of 6 terrestrial and 1 marine park, however, only 3 of the PAs are legally constituted, while 2 of the noted sites have been partially developed commercially and are no longer considered suitable as national parks, the other site is a potential marine protected area that has yet to be designated. This PA estate is supported by the The National Parks and Protected Areas Act No. 16 of 1975, amended by Acts 54 of 1986, Act 12 of 1990, and Act 8 of 2001 is the principal piece of legislation relating to the management of national parks in Dominica. The Act provides for the declaration of both national parks and protected areas, leasing of land for protected areas, the establishment of a System of National Parks and Protected Areas. The Act also makes provisions for the creation of a National Parks Service to manage a System of National Parks and Protected Areas. Despite the Act, there is no PA Management System, the designated World Heritage site has no buffer zone hence the core zone is threatened as is the case for all other PAs. Systemic and site management of the PAs is poor and the revenue generation potential not maximised, hence PA is undercapitalized and local and global benefits are at risk.
This project will use GEF incremental support to build Dominica’s national capacity to manage its PA system with emphasis on the Morne Trois Piton National Park (MTPNP) and its buffer zone; to improve management effectiveness create sustainable livelihood activities and improve biodiversity conservation. Project implementation will ensure replication and dissemination of lessons learnt at the other sites (parks, trails, and nature sites), and other GEF-funded activities locally and regionally. This project will develop a protected areas management system in keeping with recommendations from previous initiatives like the OPAAL project and the National Parks Consortium Studies. This project will strengthen the sustainability of Dominica’s PA system by developing a sustainable financial management plan, site specific management plan for Morne Trois Piton National Park, ensuring the legal establishment of a buffer zone for MTPNP, creating community atlases for local communities in and around the buffer zone thus establishing living landscapes. It will also build capacity at the systemic and community level to effectively manage PAs and their buffer zones.