6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Where we are
There are not enough data points for the purchasing power parity poverty measure for Caribbean countries to allow for comparison. In the more frequently used poverty head count method, the poverty line has not been held constant and so measures cannot be compared across time for any of the countries except Jamaica and Belize. For Jamaica, where the line has been held constant, poverty declined by 9.8 percentage points between 1999 and 2007. For Belize, where the last two poverty measures (2009 and 2002) are comparable, poverty increased by 8.3 percentage points. The 2004 Caribbean Millennium Development Goals Report indicated that achievement of Goal 1 required reduction in the poverty headcount for Caribbean countries to levels ranging from 10% to 18% by 2015. Notwithstanding the differences in methodology, it is notable that the poverty headcount in all of the countries, except for Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica, is well outside that range. In addition, the full impact of the recent global crisis has not yet been captured, since only Belize has undertaken a post-crisis poverty assessment. It is reasonable to expect that the resulting global recession will have impacted living standards in general and that, therefore, it can be assumed that this Goal will not be met.
In the few countries for which data are available, the share in national consumption of the poorest quintile is no higher than 6%.
Performance of growth rate per person employed over the period was mixed, with negative growth in some cases, such as Belize and Trinidad from 1991 to 1994, and positive growth in others: Trinidad from 1996 onwards, Jamaica in 2004. There have also been some advances in employment-to-population ratio, in that the number of jobs generated or persons employed domestically numbered more than 50% of the workforce for most of the countries by 2008.
There has been improvement in the proportion of underweight children under five years of age during the period between 1992 and 2006.
Source: Caribbean Millennium Development Goals Report 2010
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG1
- Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
- Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
- Poverty gap ratio
- Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
- Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed
- Employment-to-population ratio
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
- Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
- Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
- Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption