UNDP in Barbados and the OECS
The People We Serve
The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), was created in 1981, under the Treaty of Basseterre. The OECS Member States are: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; the British Virgin Islands; the Commonwealth of Dominica; Grenada; Montserrat; Saint Lucia; St. Christopher (St. Kitts) and Nevis; and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The main organ of the OECS, the OECS Commission is located in Castries, Saint Lucia.
The majority of the Member States share one currency, the Eastern Caribbean currency.
Barbados, though not a member of the OECS, works inconjunction with Member States to create an enabling environment where national governments have the capacities for inclusive and sustainable human development; to meet their regional commitments, and internationally agreed goals including as the Sustainable Development Goals.
Anguilla is a British Overseas Territory in the Eastern Caribbean, with a main island and several offshore islets. The main island, Anguilla, is flat and low-lying, made of limestone.
Its main industries are tourism, offshore incorporation and management, offshore banking, captive insurance and fishing.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda consists of two major islands and a number of smaller islands (Great Bird, Green, Guiana, Long, Maiden and York Islands and further south, the island of Redonda). The country remains a member of the Commonwealth and Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state, following its independence on 1 November 1981.
For more information on Antigua and Barbuda, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Antigua and Barbuda.
Barbados is an island country, the easternmost island in the Lesser Antilles.
In 1966, Barbados became an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth realm, with the British monarch as hereditary head of state.
Barbados’ location places it outside the principal Atlantic hurricane belt.
For more information on Barbados, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Barbados.
The British Virgin Islands
The British Virgin Islands (BVI) are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, geographically part of the Virgin Islands archipelago.
The British Virgin Islands consist of the main islands of Tortola, Virgin Gorda, Anegada, and Jost Van Dyke, along with over 50 other smaller islands and cays. About 15 of the islands are inhabited.
British Virgin Islanders are British Overseas Territories citizens and are British citizens as well. The territory is not part of the European Union and are not subject to EU law. British Virgin Islanders are, however, deemed to be citizens of the EU by virtue of their British citizenship.
The Commonwealth of Dominica
Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the Caribbean Sea, the northernmost of the Windward Islands. The size of the country is about 289.5 square miles (750 km2). The island, known as the ‘nature isle’ has several protected areas, as well as 365 rivers.
On 3 November 1978, the Commonwealth of Dominica was granted independence becoming a republic. The British Crown is no longer the head of state.
Dominica's economy depends on tourism and agriculture.
For more information on Dominica, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Dominica.
Grenada, known as the ‘Spice Isle’, is a sovereign state located in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique and several smaller, uninhabited islands.
Independence from Britain was granted on 7 February 1974.
For more information on Grenada, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Grenada.
Montserrat is an internally self-governing British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean. Executive power is exercised by the government and the Premier is the head of government. Military defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom.
As a British Overseas Territory (BOT), defence of Montserrat remains the responsibility of the United Kingdom. Montserrat is one of the fourteen BOTs that maintains its own military unit, the Royal Montserrat Defence Force.
Saint Lucia is an Eastern Caribbean nation, part of the Lesser Antilles.
The island was ruled seven times each by the French and the British. In the 1800s, the British took definitive control and the island later came to be known as the ‘Helen of the West Indies’ because control was switched so often. In 1979, Saint Lucia gained full independence.
For more information on Saint Lucia, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Saint Lucia.
St. Christopher (Kitts) and Nevis
St. Christopher and Nevis (also known as St. Kitts and Nevis or the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis) is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere in both area and population.
St. Kitts and Nevis gained independence in 1983 and now recognises the British Queen as its Head of State. The Queen is represented in the country by a Governor-General, who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
For more information on St. Kitts and Nevis, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for Saint Kitts and Nevis.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines (also known simply as St. Vincent or SVG) is a sovereign state in the Lesser Antilles. The Grenadines are a chain of smaller islands stretching south from St. Vincent to Grenada.
There are 32 islands and cays that make up St Vincent and the Grenadines. Nine are inhabited, including the mainland St Vincent and the Grenadines islands: Young Island, Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, Union Island, Mayreau, Petit St Vincent and Palm Island.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines gained independence in 1969 with the Queen remaining as Head of State and the Governor General acting as her representative on the island.
For more information on St. Vincent and the Grenadines, please view the Human Development Report Briefing Note for St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
Caribbean Human Development Report
The UNDP Caribbean Human Development Report provides an overview of the multi-dimensional progress of the people we serve in these ten countries, toward the attainment of the 2030 agenda. The 2018 Statistical Update is also available for review.
Countries/territories served by this office
of the region is unemployed
Persons living in Barbados & the OECS
Recorded natural disasters in the region since 2003
Livelihoods dependent on the Blue Economy
Hours of average daylight powering solar energy in the region (per year)
per capita income
literacy rate in the region